The Intellectual Property Office (IPO) has produced a guide Exceptions to Copyright: Education and Teaching. This is the key copyright document for all those involved in teaching and learning.
The IPO guidance explains that within education much of the copying is either by means of a special educational licence or under an exception to copyright law that permits certain acts of copying without the permission of the copyright owner.
The University also buy lots of digital content on licence for specific use within teaching. This includes databases of films, archival footage, sound recordings and educational videos. This saves you the need to copy; you can use the content we have purchased on licence.
The University of Northampton holds several educational licences that enable us to legally copy and share material for teaching and learning purposes with our students:
Educational Recording Agency (ERA) Licence, which enables tutors to create a repository of off-air broadcasts delivered via the Box of Broadcasts service
Newspaper Licencing Agency (NLA) Education Establishment Licence, which enables University staff to copy and reuse print and digital news content.
There are some specific situations, known as copyright exceptions, that allow limited use of copyright works without seeking the permission of the copyright owner. These exceptions are listed below, along with information about "fair dealing" (how much you can reasonably use), followed by links to the Intellectual Property Office website for further information.
The Intellectual Property Office has also produced a guide Exceptions to Copyright: Education and Teaching. Key things to note within this guide are that the law now allows copying of works in any medium as long as the following conditions apply:
1. the work must be used solely to illustrate a point
2. the use of the work must not be for commercial purposes
3. the use must be fair dealing
4. it must be accompanied by a sufficient acknowledgement
This means minor uses, such as displaying a few lines of poetry on an interactive whiteboard, are permitted, but uses which would undermine sales of teaching materials still need a licence.
© Crown Copyright.
IPO Copyright information is licensed under the Open Government Licence 3.0
In general, the author or creator of the work owns the copyright. For example, in the context of Higher Education, students own their own copyright.
However, if work is created by an employee in the course of their employment, the copyright is owned by their employer. This means the University of Northampton owns the copyright of material created by staff as part of their employment.
For more information on the ownership of copyright works, see the specific IPO Ownership of Copyright Works web pages.
Each year, the Library and Learning Services licenses hundreds of databases full of content for you to use within teaching and learning. As well as e-books and e-journals, these include databases of films, sound recordings, archival footage and specially made educational videos on subject specific topics. You can use this content in combination with our Digitisation service (operated under the HE CLA licence), together with open access and Creative Commons resources, and the Copyright exceptions and fair dealing.
You can find a full list of the resources we license on our A-Z of Journals and Databases, but highlights include:
When incorporating other people's work into your teaching and for use within Blackboard, unless it is out of copyright, it will need to be either under:
Here's a checklist to help with this process:
This information is for general guidance and background information only and does not constitute legal advice. The University of Northampton does not accept any responsibility or liability for any loss or damage incurred as a result of relying on information contained on this website.