This guide has been designed to provide you with examples and guidance on how to use Harvard referencing in a consistent and accurate manner to refer to a variety of information sources used in your work. It is a comprehensive printable guide, which aims to answer most of your Harvard referencing questions. Library and Learning Services have also produced a two-page quick start guide to referencing, ‘The Harvard Referencing – Quick Guide’. It is important to check with your tutor to see if they have any specific referencing requirements.
Referencing is a way of acknowledging other peoples’ ideas and work. You do this through a citation (in the text of your work) and a reference at the end of your work.
References to other people’s ideas and work are an important part of academic writing as they:
Remember to reference every source that you use:
You need to reference when:
There has been a tendency amongst health workers to diagnose women experiencing domestic violence with a mental illness, rather than identifying the distress as a result of violence (Harne and Radford, 2008, p.44).
You do not need to reference when:
Northampton is in the county town of Northamptonshire.
To decide whether a piece of information is common knowledge, ask yourself whether your reader could be familiar with the information without needing to do any research and whether the information is widely available. If the answer to both of these is ‘yes’, the information is probably common knowledge; but it’s better to err on the side of caution and include a reference if you are in any doubt.