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OSCOLA referencing guide

OSCOLA referencing guide

European cases

The European Court of Justice (ECJ) and the General Court (EGC) are responsible for hearing EU cases.

The European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) hears cases from any of the European countries in the Council of Europe. This court is NOT a European Union institution.

European Court of Justice and the General Court

The European Court of Justice is the supreme court of the European Union for EU law and hears cases from national courts and appeal cases. The General Court (GC) mainly hears cases from individuals and companies.

Since 1989 EU cases heard at the ECJ are prefixed with C and those heard at the GC are prefixed with a T.  Cases heard before 1989 have no prefix (examples of these follow below).

Where possible refer to the official reports, which are cited as ECR. ECJ cases are reported in volume 1 (ECR I) and GC cases are reported in volume 2 (ECR II). 

If there is no ECR reference, use the Common Market Law Reports (CMLR) unless the case has been reported in the Law Reports, The Weekly Law Reports or the All England Law Reports (European Cases).

ECR Law Reports ECR I or ECR II LR

ECR The Weekly Law Reports ECR I or ECR II WLR

ECR All England Law Reports (European Cases) ECR I or ECR II All ER

ECR Common Market Law Reports ECR I or ECR II CMLR

Where possible cite cases from the European Court Reports first, then Common Market Law Reports, or other major series.

  • If pinpointing to a paragraph number, use the prefix para instead of [brackets].
  • In the table of authorities, reorder the citation by case name first, then case number and citation.

Format (ECR citation):

Case number | case name | [year] | ECR | first page.

Footnote

General Court example

T-194/04 Bavarian Lager Co. Ltd v Commission [2007] ECR II-4523.

European Court of Justice example

C-39/94 SFEI v La Poste [2006] ECR I-3547.

Format (unreported ECJ cases)

For an unreported case, cite the relevant notice in Official Journal (OJ) series.

Case number | case name | [year] | OJ number.

Footnote

Case C-527/15  Stichting Brein v Jack Frederik Wullems [2017] OJ C195/02.

If the case is not yet reported in the OJ, then cite the case number and case name, followed by the court and date of judgment in brackets.

Table of Authorities

According to OSCOLA (page 11) EU cases should be arranged alphabetically by first party name in the table of cases, with the case number following the name of the case in brackets.

Bavarian Lager Co. Ltd v Commission (Case T-194/04) [2007] ECR II-4523

Stichting Brein v Jack Frederik Wullems (Case C-527/15) [2017] OJ C195/02

The European Court of Human Rights

Format:

Case Name | (Year) OR [Year] | Volume number | Abbreviation of the law report series | Page/case/application number.

Footnote

Omojudi v UK (2009) 51 EHRR 10.

Footnote with paragraph pinpoint

Omojudi v UK (2009) 51 EHRR 10, para 3.

Table of Authorities

Omojudi v UK (2009) 51 EHRR 10