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OSCOLA referencing guide

OSCOLA referencing guide


Full citation without the case name because it is mentioned in the text

1 [2015] UKHL 5, [2015] AC 564.

Subsequent citation immediately after the full citation but with a different page number:

2 ibid 545.

Subsequent citation using shortened form of case name and a cross-citation to footnote 1 where the full citation can be found

10 Jackson (n 1).  

Subsequent citations of a book

Full citation (including footnote number for illustration)

3 John Knowles, Effective Legal Research (4th edn, Sweet & Maxwell 2016) 33.

Authors' surname and cross-citation to footnote number 3

26 Knowles (n 3) 120.

Original source cited again but with different page numbers

27 ibid 271-78.

Short form (legislation)

For legislation, give a short form or abbreviation of the legislation in brackets at the end of the full footnote.


Human Rights Act 1998 (HRA 1998).

Short form

HRA 1998.

Short form with section

HRA 1998, s 13.